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Adapting to climate change

Adapting to climate change


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By Jorge G. Conte B. *

The report called "Adapting to Climate Change" seeks to alert national and municipal governments, the media, rescue groups, climate change units, environmental groups and the community in general, about the events related to climate change that we experience and that the countries of the region will experience in scenarios assumed for the years 2020-2050 and 2080.


As Network of Environmental Communicators of Latin America and the Caribbean, chapter of Panama, we were recently invited by the Water Center of the Humid Tropics for Latin America and the Caribbean (CATHLAC) to its modern facilities located in the City of Knowledge in Clayton, Panama City , to present its most recent report on climate change for the region of Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, based on studies carried out in countries in this region.

The report called "Adapting to Climate Change" seeks to alert national and municipal governments, the media, rescue groups, climate change units, environmental groups and the community in general, about the events related to climate change that we experience and that the countries of the region will experience in scenarios assumed for the years 2020-2050 and 2080.

With the use of all the technology available to CATHALC, satellite images, GIS and RS in conjunction with the SERVIR program, developed with the support of NASA, and local and international engineers, the results and recommendations that CATHALAC makes are of interest to everybody.

According to the study results presented.

In the coming years, many poor and remote regions of the Central American Isthmus and the Caribbean, hundreds of thousands of people and animals will suffer great material damage and potentially the loss of thousands of lives as a result of drastic changes in the climate. This is and will be our worst and most difficult enemy in climate change.


Due to the floods produced by excessive rainfall, both in frequency and intensity, many people and animals will have to abandon their houses and fields. They will suffer landslides as a consequence of the deforestation of their mountains and the excess of runoff from those same bare mountains. They will be exposed to material, human and environmental damage due to the overflowing of rivers due to the non-existent management of garbage and the contamination of their water sources by floods and the erosion of their soils.

Excessive heat will dry out the water tables more quickly, making it almost impossible to build wells in these regions. Lakes and streams will also dry up, making it more difficult to get water for human survival. Forest fires will increase and areas of heat will multiply in the region.

These calamities and natural disasters will create countless displaced people who will have to be relocated to other regions or alone will become part of the poverty lines that surround Latin American cities.

But if it rains in the countryside, in the cities it does not escape.

In most Latin American cities, due to the uncontrolled increase in urbanization, loss of green spaces, an increase in the automotive base, the use of fossil fuels, the inadequate management of garbage and the greenhouse effect, a level of heat will be generated. such that it created conditions of environmental pollution due to higher electricity consumption and in winter, due to thermal inversion, replicating what happens in the cities of Mexico DF, Santiago de Chile, Los Angeles, California, Sao Paulo, Brazil, to mention some.

But despite the problems, there are also solutions.

The study group managed to determine a good number of human actions aimed first at adapting, in the short term, to climate change and second, to reduce it in the medium and long term. Some of these solutions are simple, others expensive, and others complex, but just as was done to overcome the ozone layer problem in the 1990s, we will have to work together to adapt to climate change in the coming years, but to starting today.

Some recommendations to adapt and reduce climate change and its effects are:

* Create awareness in governments about the reality of climate change and its consequences.

* Create awareness in local governments for the implementation of activities aimed at informing the community and reducing the impacts of natural disasters.

* Create national offices that work in coordinating strategies to adapt to climate change and interact with offices in the region.

* Strengthen agencies for the rescue of human and animal lives in all countries.

* Inform citizens through the media about the realities of climate change.

* Create non-governmental organizations (NGOs) aimed at creating awareness, participation and information on climate change.

* Organize the most vulnerable populations so that the necessary changes are carried out to reduce their vulnerability. This includes land use planning according to their strengths and weaknesses and, if necessary, the total move to new areas away from the areas of greatest vulnerability.

* Carry out massive afforestation programs in the basins of the most important rivers as well as in the sub basins, the mountains and the mountains.

* Reduce the felling rate of primary forests and eliminate slash and burn as a peasant practice.

* Prepare solid, liquid and aerial waste recycling projects to reduce their impacts on the population, in even more adverse conditions.

* Improve mass transportation systems and reduce the use of cars, avoid the construction of residential and buildings without green areas and develop urban parks to reduce the temperature in cities.

* Jorge G. Conte B.
Founder of the Panama National Parks Group and Moderate of REDCALC PANAMA


Video: Adaptation and Mitigation. Climate Wisconsin (May 2022).