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Ibera Wetlands and Esteros Management Plan

Ibera Wetlands and Esteros Management Plan


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By Pablo Almirón

An environmental foundation (Ecos), promotes a management plan for the wetlands and estuaries of the Ibera and Guaranï Aquifer, a North American landowner co-finances it (Tomkins) together with the GEF / World Bank. The circle closes without talking about the important thing: DRINKING WATER

The Ibera wetlands and estuaries Management Plan

Wolves dressed as Lambs in Mesopotamia Argentina

Regarding the Iberá Management Plan (PMI) and the Guaraní Aquifer System (SAG)

Iberá, one of the two largest areas of freshwater humid lands south of the Capricorn tropics, is made up of a vast area of ​​lagoons, estuaries, flooded and non-flooded lands, forming a catchment area with a surface that fluctuates between 7,800 and 13,000 square kilometers, which occupies almost 15 percent of the territory of the province of Corrientes, which together with Misiones and Entre Ríos, are part of the only Argentine Mesopotamia. The macrosystem is part of the colossal underground reservoir of fresh water: the Guaraní Aquifer. The SAG is one of the largest in the world, covering nearly 1.2 million km2 in southeastern South America. The permanent reserves of the system in Brazil, for example, reach, according to a conservative estimate, about 48,000 km3 with an annual recharge of 160 km3. If groundwater were withdrawn for about 20% of the current annual recharge rates, this would be enough to supply 300 liters per day per capita to 360 million inhabitants. Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay are working together to develop an integrated plan to protect and manage the system “sustainably” under a project financed by the Environment Fund (GEF) and the World Bank: the Environmental Protection Project and Sustainable Development of the Guaraní Aquifer System, launched in May 2003 in Montevideo, where the OAS and international organizations also participate.

Sectors of the current government and the previous ones, have manifest responsibility in the mismanagement of the Ibera Plan -which is now going through a piece of paper of proportions-, and that by sending it to the freezer allows them to reorder it for the October elections throughout the country. The incompetence of some is manifest, the spurious interests of others, too. Between children and educated they are going to wash the face of a project to make it more digestible to some sectors, linked to landowners of Iberá, members of the Rural Society. But they are going to go ahead in a large-scale operation, where the World Bank and its instruments (GEF / UNDP, environmental NGOs, etc.) make their foothold in the colossal biophysical lung that are the wetlands, lagoons and estuaries of the Ibera as part of the Guaraní Aquifer (SAG). The SAG brings together two of the fundamental components for production: Water and Energy.

The PMI exploded in everyone's hands, but the real problem is in substance and not in form. For now no one brings them to light, which speaks very badly of its protagonists.

Environmental policies at this time are part - as never before - of determining issues for the future of entire regions and countries. And the provincial or communal governments are accomplices or victims (in the best of cases), of these projects where global factors come into play.

The lack of continuity of the different administrations, and chaos in the environmental agenda is the troubled river from which the “environmentalist” foundations take advantage, which, having high budgets, enjoy enormous room for maneuver, to design… and convince.

Regarding the "conservationism" of environmental foundations and the North American magnate Douglas Tompkins.

Today the business of environmental services moves millions in the world. Those millions are not only economic but also geostrategic interests.
Of the protagonists at stake, Tomkins is by far the most competent, next to whom the rest are hucksters plundering something from a cake, who glimpse it succulent. His philosophical platform appears in the texts that Arne Naess and George Sessions created in 1984 on the eight principles of Deep Ecology. The radical biocentrism of the Baron del Ibera excludes and displaces the simple and wild man, as long as he lives, on resources rich in biodiversity. But it leaves the other instruments, also concrete, in a hidden limbo. Namely: the International Forum on Globalization and the Funders Network Trade & Globalization, organizations are funded by the Rockefeller Foundations, Ted Turner, the Ford family and George Soros (some of these characters are part of the executive board of the JP Morgan Chase). The Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies - one of the ideas powerhouses of the New World Order, also disseminates the possibility of territorial fragmentation in Chile - created the so-called "Iron Mountain Plan", which developed as instruments, the preservation of the environment. "Ecology," being a noble cause, would be difficult to find opponents.

Tomkins' investments in the South of Latin America split Chile in two, imposing the figure of a trust and a series of conditions that are difficult to fulfill, which, if not made effective, would allow the US magnate to ensure the return of the areas to his property or the environmental foundations that accompany him in the maneuvers. The same mechanism is reserved for the Government of the Province of Corrientes.

It's interesting to put the pieces together and see what we have. An environmental foundation promotes a management plan (Ecos), a North American landowner co-finances it (Tomkins) together with the GEF / World Bank. Tomkins talks about Deep Ecology (www.deepecology.com), and Echoes of Animals at Risk (www.ecosibera.org). The circle closes without talking about the important thing: DRINKING WATER. In short: Conservation Land Trust and the ECOS Foundation are the Trojan Horse of the World Bank, water barons and corporations interested in its geothermal potential. From these plants they want to turn Iberá into a World Heritage Site, to serve it on a silver platter.

Regarding the World Bank and the FTAA.

The World Bank's Project for the Environmental Protection and Sustainable Management of the Guaraní Aquifer System - which establishes a term of 4 years - abounds in terminology whose opacity should be revealed. What does the World Bank usually understand by "management regulatory framework" or "institutional strengthening" process? It refers to all those measures that have to be taken to standardize the legal frameworks for access to resources with the argument that it is a necessary prerequisite to carry out their "conservation", their "sustainable use".

In this sense, of the 4 years that make up the project, the first 3 are focused on clearing any uncomfortable legal regulations. This is what he calls "first phase". The second step will be to place certain actors in the management and usufruct of the liquid.

That is, on the one hand, it encourages a concentration of the management of water basins in the hands of "select actors"; and, once consolidated, seeks, on the other hand, to place the multinationals of the creditors at the center of the management and use of fresh water. This is: storage, distribution, purification, thermo generation and hydroelectricity.

The World Bank which is the main lender for projects of exploitation and development of drinking water and public sanitation in Third World countries (270 loans can be found on the pages of the World Bank for drinking water supplies). The process of privatization of the liquid began 20 years ago, which has been carried out in different phases: in the business management of drinking water services, in the control of dams, the contamination of waterways by industries and in its bottled marketing. Water mobilizes 800 billion dollars a year. Money that only comes from the management of 5% of the world's drinking water, that is why now they come through one of the largest water reservoirs in the world, the SAG.

The strategy of large companies is to include drinking water in the WTO negotiations and the draft FTAA. Water is seen as a commodity, this is the first step: setting a price and turning it into a product to introduce it to the market. The second is to impose the rules of the global market: only those who have money can consume the resource. The companies that trade and / or need bodies of water for their activities, are going for the privatization of territories and entire bioregions. Biotech and pharmaceutical companies are happy that with some coins, they ‘legalize’ their biopiracy activities and privatization of collective resources, breaking down any legislation that prevents it.

At the beginning we said that the interests are not only economic but also geostrategic. Let us remember that it was Menem who brought Tomkins closer to the estuaries and together with Jorge Sobish (governor of Neuquén), promoted separatist ideas in Patagonia. In his recent visit to Paraguay (imminent shelter of 13,000 marines), the US Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, promoted the same with Bolivia -in tune with the landowners of the Department of Santa Cruz-, in the richest area of ​​the region in oil and natural gas fields besieged by foreign corporations.

Regarding local communities. Local action, think global.

Next September 17th, the Social Forum in Defense of the Guaraní Aquifer and the Iberian Esteros will be held in Mercedes. The local community has to have interference in the control and management of its natural resources. They are the only safeguard and guarantee that sustainability is true and not an argument to hide global businesses and operations, which leave communities defenseless and at the service of the highest bidder. In forums with real mechanisms of collective participation, and speaking openly about ALL the components of the problem in its complexity and magnitude, puts us at the level of what is happening in the world and our continent. With the control community and the municipal and provincial mechanisms later, it is possible to face this perverse vision that transforms forests, basin heads, river beds, genetic resources and the beauty of a landscape into assets that can be traded.


Video: Ossian Vision - Ibera English (June 2022).


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